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ESL forum > Grammar and Linguistics > Reported Speech - Reporting verbs+that No backshift?    

Reported Speech - Reporting verbs+that No backshift?



moravc
Czech Republic

Reported Speech - Reporting verbs+that No backshift?
 
Hello, I am not very good at grammar... Could you help me please?

Can you tell me if there are any "reporting" words with NO BACKSHIFT?

I know it is not necessary when the reporting verb is in PRESENT simple...

But are any of those verbs followed by UNCHANGED tense ? Thanks in advance!

Can all these verbs be followed by "THAT clause+ BACKSHIFT" ??-

eg: He added that they had been in Spain the year before.

or are there any verbs which would sound strange if followed by THAT (... he had gone.)

26 Sep 2009      



moravc
Czech Republic

added

admitted (that)

agreed (to) (that)

announced

asked (what / whether)

assured

begged

claimed

commented

complained

confessed

confirmed

continued

convinced

decided to / that

declared

denied  (that) , (-ing)

explained  (that)

heard

informed

insisted  (that)

instructed

mentioned

promised to / that

reassured

recommended (that) (-ing)

reminded

repeated

replied

shouted

stated

suggested (that) (-ing)

thought

told me

whispered

wonder if/what/why

wrote

yelled

26 Sep 2009     



moravc
Czech Republic

Sorry, the list is long, so I divided it to 2 parts...
I don ´t want to flood the forum...

26 Sep 2009     



urpillay
Spain

Hello Morac,
In indirect speech or reported speech what the speaker does is telling in another way what another person has said, I mean, we refer to a past fact. Therefore, the most important
change which takes place when reporting something said by another person, is the verbal form. Therefore, the backshift is not related to the reporting verb.
However, there are some exceptions to this general rule, in this case, in statements:
- When we talk about routines or general truths, about things that remain true at the time of reporting them, then we keep the present tense.
- When the speaker talks about a future fact which has not happened yet at the time of reporting it, we have to keep the simple future form too.
- If we report words immediately after they have been said, for instance, when someone hasn ´t understood something and another person repeat those words said by another one.
 
But if you are interested in knowing more about grammar in general, or reported speech in particular you should get:
Grammar in Use Intermediate or Advanced Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy.
 
You should also watch Jennifer ´s wonderful videos about this topic:
 
I hope all this information helps you!!
INMA ALCÁZAR
 

27 Sep 2009     



moravc
Czech Republic

Thanks a lot!

27 Sep 2009     



Sergiorhcp
Argentina

Not only verbs may have no changes when turned into reported speech, also adverbs of place and time. For example, "here" doesn ´t change if the person is still in the same place, e.g. "He told me to wait here".
The best advice is to use common sense

1 Oct 2009