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ESL forum > Ask for help > Help needed    

Help needed



zvonka.rink
Slovenia

Help needed
 
Dear colleagues,
 
I struggle with two sentences- I īm not sure if they are right:
 
-The story made literary history as the first nonfiction best-seller FROM an African-American woman. 
 
Is the preposition FROM OK? 
 
-They are sure TO HAVE WORKED hard on the project. 
I expected the sentence: They must have worked hard on the project.
 
I would really appreciate your help.
 
Thank you. 
 

22 Jan 2018      



cunliffe
United Kingdom

From is correct. By would also be fine. 
They are sure to have worked hard/they must have worked hard.... both fine, similar meaning. You are surmising/assuming  that they worked hard.  
There is a difference in nuance: they are sure to have worked hard, it īs an assumption about them, but they second one, you are looking at the finished result; it īs excellent, so they must have worked hard at/on it.  So the first one is an assumption, but the second one is a deduction. 

22 Jan 2018     



zvonka.rink
Slovenia

Thank you. 

23 Jan 2018